The Private Military and Security Companies’ (PMSC) International Code of Conduct (ICoC) was introduced in 2010 and has been signed by over 700 companies from 70 countries. An oversight mechanism is in place and RAID, as a member of the Board of Directors of the ICoC for Private Security Service Providers’ Association (ICoCA), provides critical input into the ongoing struggle for effective regulation under the voluntary code.

Over the past 10 years RAID has interviewed numerous victims of human rights violations related to private military and security companies (PMSCs), and has worked closely with affected communities and non-governmental organisations in Africa and the Americas to hold the perpetrators to account.

In September 2008, following a joint initiative of the Swiss Government and the International Committee of the Red Cross, an initial statement of good practice for PMSCs was published. Stakeholder workshops and meetings developed a more formal code of conduct and an oversight mechanism. RAID was part of this process, as a member of the Working Group on the Resolution of Third Party Grievances.

These discussions led to the agreement of an International Code of Conduct (ICoC) in November 2010, now signed by over 700 companies from 70 countries. Further meetings since 2010 have concentrated on disseminating the ICoC and developing a charter for its Oversight Mechanism. In September 2012, RAID and Human Rights First organised a meeting in London for UK and European NGOs seeking their input into the ongoing debate about the form and reach of the Oversight Mechanism.

The International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers’ Association (ICoCA) held its inaugural conference in Geneva in September 2013. Tricia Feeney, Executive Director of RAID, was elected as a Board member, a position which RAID will use to continue to press for transparent, swift and adequate recompense for victims of human rights violations.